Protected Characteristics

Age

It is unlawful to discriminate against individuals and groups as a result of age.

Discrimination against individuals and groups through perceptions of age continues to exist within daily life, particularly the workplace environment. We are fully supportive of the belief that the capability and competence of any individual is the only consideration regarding employment or indeed within wider society.

Disability

It is unlawful to discriminate against individuals and groups as a result of disability.

The abuse of individuals and groups with disability is commonplace in society. The disability of an individual does not mean he or she is unable in a multitude of areas, yet there remains a worrying belief amongst some that those with specific disabilities are of no value to society. We are proponents of the belief that an individual’s competence and capability should always be the only consideration regarding employment practice and that in wider society those with disabilities should not be subjected to any form of abuse through disability, or perceived disability.

Gender

It is unlawful to discriminate against individuals and groups as a result of gender.

The matter of gender inequality is another area which we can trace back years. The effects of the suppression towards women across country, creed and culture from history still have significant relevance today. There is more of an equitable society in areas which women were traditionally prohibited from but there are still areas and mindsets which cannot fully comprehend the concept of gender equality. Additionally, the after effects of such archaic attitudes can still be felt today, with women still under represented in positions of authority across the spectrum.

Gender Reassignment

It is unlawful to discriminate because of Gender Reassignment.

Gender Reassignment became part of Equality legislation in the 2010 Equality Act, after numerous instances of discrimination in working environments in recent times around these areas. A person has the protected characteristic of gender reassignment if the person is proposing to undergo, is undergoing or has undergone a process for the purpose of reassigning the person’s sex by changing physiological or other attributes of sex. A reference to a transsexual person is a reference to a person who has the protected characteristic of gender reassignment.

Marriage & Civil Partnership

It is unlawful to discriminate against individuals because they are married or in a civil partnership.

Since 2005 same-sex couples can have their relationships legally recognised as ‘civil partnerships’ and civil partners must be treated no less favourably than married couples. In 2013 the law changed to allow same-sex couple to legally marry.

Pregnancy & Maternity

It is unlawful to discriminate against what is set out below around pregnancy and maternity.

Pregnancy is the condition of being pregnant or expecting a baby. Maternity refers to the period after the birth, and is linked to maternity leave in the employment context. In the non-work context, protection against maternity discrimination is for 26 weeks after giving birth, and this includes treating a woman unfavourably because she is breastfeeding.

Race

It is unlawful to discriminate against individuals and groups as a result of skin colour, nationality, ethnicity and ethnic origin. In the modern world racism has many definitions and many more manifestations.

The current Oxford dictionary defines racism as:

  • The belief that there are characteristics, abilities, or qualities specific to each race
  • Discrimination against or antagonism towards other races.

Although there is a veracity to what is outlined above, it does not fully convey the manifestations of racism and is incapable of showing the profound hostility and hatred that stems from it.

Religion & Belief

It is unlawful to discriminate against individuals because they do not have a religion or belief.

This, like racism in many ways has been evident for centuries and has led to conflict and persecution across the globe.

Many who hold such hostile attitudes to others of different faiths possess only a distorted religious identity, not a genuine religious lifestyle. From anti-Semitism which exists globally to the recent upsurge in anti-Islamic sentiments in Britain, Europe and beyond there exists intolerance towards people of various religions and beliefs and this can and has been an issue across industry and society. Legislation also offers safeguards for those who are atheist and agnostic in their views.

Sexual Orientation

It is unlawful to discriminate against individuals and groups as a result of their sexual orientation.

Prejudice and hostility against people as a result of their sexual orientation has been prevalent for centuries and sadly still exist today. Homophobic language in particular is common and physical Hate Crime against individuals as a result of their sexual orientation, or perceived sexual orientation, is to be found across the world, not least in countries where legislation permits discrimination against people who are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans.

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